Posts Tagged ‘Communist Party’

Boris Yeltsin

May 11, 2009

Boris Yeltsin Russian politician, who became president of Russia in 1990. In 1991 he became the first popularly elected leader in the country’s history, guiding Russia through a stormy decade of political and economic retrenching until his resignation on the eve of 2000.

Bill_Clinton_and_Boris_Yeltsin_1994Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin 1994

Yeltsin attended the Urals Polytechnic Institute and worked at various construction projects in the Sverdlovsk oblast from 1955 to 1968, joining the Communist Party in 1961. In 1968 he began full-time work in the party and in 1976 became first secretary of the Sverdlovsk oblast party committee. Thereafter he came to know Mikhail Gorbachev, then his counterpart in the city of Stavropol.

Vladimir_Putin_with_Boris_Yeltsin-2Vladimir Putin with Boris Yeltsin

After Gorbachev came to power, he chose Yeltsin in 1985 to clean out the corruption in the Moscow party organization and elevated him to the Politburo (as a nonvoting member) in 1986. As the mayor of Moscow (i.e., first secretary of Moscow’s Communist Party committee), Yeltsin proved an able and determined reformer, but he estranged Gorbachev when he began criticizing the slow pace of reform at party meetings, challenging party conservatives, and even criticizing Gorbachev himself. Yeltsin was forced to resign in disgrace from the Moscow party leadership in 1987 and from the Politburo in 1988.

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Nikita Sergeyevich Kruschev

May 5, 2009

Nikita Sergeyevich Kruschev (17 April 1894 – 11 September 1971) was leader of the Soviet Union, serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party, the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, following the death of Joseph Stalin, and Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964.

John F Kennedy and Nikita KhruchchevJohn F. Kennedy and Nikita Khruchchev

Kruschev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the world’s early space program, as well for several relatively liberal reforms ranging from agriculture to foreign policy. Kruschev’s party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev.

Fidel Castro and Nikita KhruchchevFidel Castro and Nikita Khruchchev

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