Nikola Tesla 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943 was an inventor, mechanical and electrical engineer. Tesla was born in the village Smiljan near the town of Gospić, Austrian Empire, today’s Croatia. He was Serbs nationality subject of the Austrian Empire and later became an American.
Tesla is often described as an important scientist and inventor of the modern age, a man who “shed light over the face of Earth”. He is best known for many revolutionary contributions in the field of electricity and magnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tesla’s patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current electric power (AC) systems, including the polyphase power distribution systems and the AC motor, with which he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.