Mao Zedong (26 12 1893 – 09 09 1976) was a first leader Communist Chinese. In the Chinese Civil War Mao Zedong led the Communist Party of China to victory against the Kuomintang, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Chairman Mao Zedong has been regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and named as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.
He is officially held in high regard in China where he is known as a great revolutionary, political strategist, and military mastermind who defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War, and then through his policies transformed the country into a major world power. Additionally, Mao Zedong is viewed by many in China as a poet, philosopher, and visionary. However, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day, with a contentious and ever evolving legacy. Critics blame many of Mao’s socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China, as well as a possible death toll in the tens of millions.